Some Information about Dental Implant Surface

Dental root form implants are manufactured from a highgrade titanium alloy, the surface of which consists of a micro layer of titanium oxide. The implant surface can also be treated by plasma spraying, acid etching, sandblasting or coated with HA. The removal of plaque and calculus deposits from these implant surfaces with Dental Instruments designed originally for cleaning natural tooth surfaces can result in major alterations to the delicate titanium oxide layer. Altering the surface topography by roughening the surface may enhance calculus and bacterial plaque accumulation.

Resulting scratches, cuts or gouges may also reduce the corrosion resistancy of titanium, and corrosion and mechanical debris can accumulate in the surrounding tissue. The aim of procedures for debriding dental implants should be to remove microbial and other soft deposits, without altering the implant surface, and thereby adversely affect biocompatibility. Increased surface roughness can lead to an increase in bacterial accumulation and resultant soft tissue inflammation. Because of the critical nature of the implant/soft tissue relationship, metal ultrasonic scaler tips, hand scalers or curettes should not be used as they have been shown to significantly alter the titanium surface.

Current methods for professional cleaning of implant or titanium transmucosal elements include the set of plastic ultrasonic tips( ultrasonic scaler ) or hand instruments followed by the prophy cup polishing method or various types of floss and buffing strips. The design of the permanently cemented super structure often does not allow adequate access for the prophy cup, especially in interproximal areas, and plastic instruments are not very efficient for the removal of plaque or mineralized deposits. In addition, the prophy cup and paste method may leave residual paste at the implant/soft tissue interface area.

Airpolishing consists of directing, water, air and sodium bicarbonate towards the tooth or implant surface, resulting in efficient removal of bacterial plaque and soft mineralized deposits. The residual powder is biocompatible and being soluble is not retained at the implant/soft tissue interface( dental implant machine ).

Two airpolishing systems are currently available. One system, typically available on the Dentsply Prophyjet? and Cavijet,? the EMS Airflow, and the Satelec units, delivers the air and powder, typically at 60-80 psi pressure through one nozzel and the water through a separate concentric nozzel. Some mixing of the streams takes place at the interface of the streams, but the centre of the stream consists essentially of dry powder. This “Biphasic” stream is directed at the tooth or implant surface. Several studies have investigated this system, and its effects on implant surfaces, and conclude that this system can result in significant changes to the implant surface.

The Modern Technology of Dental Implant

The primary use of dental implants is to support dental prosthetics. Modern dental implants make use of osseointegration, the biologic process where bone fuses tightly to the surface of specific materials such as titanium and some ceramics. The integration of implant and bone can support physical loads for decades without failure.

For individual tooth replacement, an implant abutment is first secured to the implant with an abutment screw. A crown (the dental prosthesis) is then connected to the abutment with dental cement, a small screw, or fused with the abutment as one piece during fabrication. Dental implants, in the same way, can also be used to retain a multiple tooth dental prosthesis either in the form of a fixed bridge or removable dentures.

Dental Laboratories and dental technicians( dental laboratory equipment ) often work behind the scene with the dentist and/or the specialist and are an integral part of the treatment process for patients. A thorough understanding of patients’ anatomical limitations during treatment planning is essential, as is recommending and implementing the appropriate impression/transfer techniques, abutment design, and restoration design.

The modern dental laboratory, armed with a dental technician with the appropriate knowledge, skill, and experience can provide implant restorations in a financially, technically and esthetically predictable manner, delivering the highest standard of patient care.

In order to improve the predictability of any treatment outcome, it is critical to understand whether the patient’s anatomy, bone, and soft tissue, is favorable for esthetic integration. Dr. John Kois has noted that the patients’ presenting situation is the most important factor in determining whether an optimum esthetic result can be achieved.

As every situation is different, it is important for the patient to realize that compromises to the way the teeth look may still occur. Considerations that may compromise the symmetry of an attractive smile may include medical and/or dental history, gum, bone or existing teeth.

An implant supported bridge (or fixed denture) is a group of teeth secured to dental implants so the prosthetic cannot be removed by the user. Bridges typically connect to more than one implant and may also connect to teeth as anchor points. Typically the number of teeth will outnumber the anchor points with the teeth that are directly over the implants referred to as abutments and those between abutments referred to as pontics. Implant supported bridges attach to implant abutments in the same way as a single tooth implant replacement by dental implant machine. A fixed bridge may replace as few as two teeth (also known as a fixed partial denture) and may extend to replace an entire arch of teeth (also known as a fixed full denture). In both cases, the prosthesis is said to be fixed because it cannot be removed by the denture wearer.

 

What Should You Do to Your Teeth After Dental Implants

The advent of the dental implants marked a novel way in the insertion of dentures. Significant portions of the people were complaining of discomfort after dentures were inserted. Dentures also had to be removed while sleeping or at times during the day. The dentures also demanded a significant amount of cleaning and safeguarding. Dental implants cleared the path for all these problems. Further, implants can be made to compliment any of the other dental appliances such as bridges or crowns. They can used to provide strength to the dental devices including the dentures.

Dental implants are artificial teeth that are surgically implanted in the mouth in place of missing teeth, teeth that need to be removed due to decay or irreparable disfigurement. The root of a dental implant is placed in the jaw bone, giving them the appearance and feel of authentic teeth.

Dental implants are impervious to tooth decay, you’re still prone to gum disease. That’s why you need to brush, floss and visit your dentist regularly. There are some additional steps that you should take keep your new teeth just as dazzling as your original pearly whites.

See your dental specialist twice a year. Not only will she thoroughly clean your implants and remove plaque, but a cosmetic dentist in New Jersey can evaluate if your implants need adjustments.

Your dentist may also prescribe chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash, a germicidal rinse that reduces bacteria and treats gingivitis. This powerful mouthwash also helps reduce the risk of post-op infections.

Because your new “fake teeth” actually perform like the real thing, you still need to practice the same oral habits. That means brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and regular dental checkups. Here are some oral hygiene recommendations from the American Dental Association:

Use a toothbrush with soft bristles that can reach all your teeth.
Buy a new toothbrush every three or four months or earlier when bristles fray.
Don’t forget to brush your tongue as well. The tongue harbors bacteria that can lead to tooth decay and gum disease.
Floss daily to remove food particles and bacteria from between teeth and under the gum line.

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Making Your Smile more Beautiful by Dental Implant

Your smile approved dentist places the implant into the jaw then inserts a screw to prevent debris from entering. It will take 3 to 6 months for the implant to fuse with the jawbone, during which time the gum is secured over the implant.

Upon returning to the dentist, the implant is uncovered and an extension called a post is attached. Once the gum tissue has healed around the post, the implant and post act as the foundation for the new tooth. Finally, the dentist makes a crown that best suits your natural teeth, considering factors including size, shape and colour. Once completed, the crown is attached to the implant post and you can enjoy your beautiful new smile!

The recovery time for dental implants is dependent on the patient, and it differs from one individual to another. Depending on your circumstances, the downtime could be a couple of days or a couple of weeks. On average, it takes just a couple of days to feel back to normal. The complete healing of your jawbone and gum tissue takes approximately 3-6 months.

Once healed, dental implants should be painless and comfortable. Immediately after surgery, however, discomfort and mild pain is expected to last up to a week. Your dentist may prescribe you something for the pain and to avoid infection; otherwise, over-the-counter painkillers can help to manage the pain.

Different dental implants may require different care. Your dentist will ensure you are equipped with the correct products, such as special brushes, to care for your implants. Maintaining good oral hygiene is vital for preventing infection around your dental implant.

With thorough cleaning and frequent visits to your dentist for professional cleaning and maintenance, your dental implants will be well looked after, allowing you to enjoy them for many years to come.

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The Procedures of Dental Implant Treatment

The use of dental implants has become more and more popular over the years.  A dental implants treatment is for individuals who have a missing tooth or teeth.  They are also for those who need support for a bridge or a denture.  The most common reason though is to replace a missing tooth or teeth, permanently.

It is important that you know just what an implant is so you know what to expect as a result of the dental implant procedure. A dental implant is a device that has been particularly fabricated and manufactured to act like and look like your own teeth. The implant will take the place of a missing or damaged tooth in your mouth. The tooth is often made of a combination of titanium and other materials and is designed to look and feel just like a normal tooth would.

The procedures needed to put in a dental implant model can take some time. It is a surgical procedure that you can have performed. The procedure involves placing an implant into your upper or lower jaw, wherever the implant is required. A screw is then positioned into the implant area and the gum tissue replaced over the implant to help secure it into place.

This first step is then allowed to heal properly before the next step occurs, where a post gets placed so that the artificial tooth (which is the dental crown), can be affixed securely to it in the implant, giving you the tooth you want.

The implant will act just like your normal teeth would and no one will be able to tell the difference by looking at you. The implants, unlike your other teeth, will not wear over time and can be brushed and treated just as you would any other tooth that you have. As long as the other teeth around the implant are healthy ones, you will not have any problems at all.

Having dental implants is nowhere near as messy or hard to take care of like your traditional dentures. You can brush your dental implants just like you would regular teeth. No more fighting with messy, sticky, and sloppy adhesives. Also, dental implants look more realistic than traditional dentures and have a very comfortable feel to them.

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